Posted On: June 9, 2021
Why Woven Woollen Fabrics?
Woven fabric is any textile formed by weaving. Woven fabrics are produced on a loom. The loom joins two sets of yarns by weaving one set between the other . One set is called the warp and runs the length of the fabric. The fill or weft yarn runs the width of the fabric .The two sets of yarns are perpendicular to each other. Technically, a woven fabric is any fabric made by interlacing two or more threads at right angles to one another.
Much variety is produced by weaving. They can be easily cut into different shapes and are excellent for producing styles in garments.
In contrast, non-woven fabrics are long fibres that have been bonded together using some sort of heat, chemical, or mechanical treatment. There is no weaving or manual construction involved.
Nonwoven fabrics are actually not fabrics as they have no internal structure as such.
In most cases, woven fabrics are more durable and strong than non-woven. This is due to the fact that woven fabrics are reinforced by thread crossing thread, which creates a strong bond.
The factors distinguishing between woven and non-woven fabrics are as below:
Types of Woven Fabrics
There are three types of woven fabric:
- Plain weave fabric where the warp and weft form a simple criss-cross pattern. This type of weave is strong and hardwearing.
- Twill weave fabric, the weft and warp are offset to give a diagonal pattern.
- Weave fabric and a complex arrangement of warp and weft threads – these weave variations form fabrics such as jacquards and damasks.
Yarn properties are important for the fabric’s performance. Depending on the yarn used , we can have lightweight fabrics to heavyweight jacquard and velvet fabrics. Woven fabrics are durable to washing and can be finished to yield many different properties like being flame-retardant, water-repellent etc. In addition to these there is an entirely separate classification of woven fabrics used for industrial and institutional purposes such as uniforms for firefighter, police uniforms & more.
Differences Between Woven and Non-Woven Fabrics
- Manufacturing Process: Woven materials are created through weaving with looms by warp and weft threads, while the non-woven fabrics are produced by direct bonding of fibres through a physical or a chemical process.
- Structure: A woven fabric has a definitive unique pattern to its thread structure depending on the process of weaving . Non-woven, in comparison, consist of a random fibre structure.
- Durability: This is a very important difference. Woven cloth is generally more durable and has a longer service life. Non-woven fibres can easily be split impacting their durability. Woven fabrics are much more stable and don’t get degraded naturally as fast as non-woven fabrics
- Usage: With key differences in physical attributes leading to a variance in characteristics like drape, handle, stiffness, crimp, bulk, fabric strength, etc the end usage of these products also varies. Woven fabrics are strong and suitable to be used in difficult environments too whereas non-woven fabric cannot easily imitate their strength and fibre security.
Woven Woollen Fabrics: A World of Opportunities!
Rugged, durable, comfortable long lasting fabrics are of great importance in industrial and institutional uses. Strong functional fabrics which can withstand hostile environments of high temperatures and humidity etc find their way to be used for various products ranging from thermal protective clothing, athleisure, safety gear to furnishings etc. Woven fabrics are the material of choice for these uses across industries. In the modern times, with new innovative threads being created with specific properties when woven with wool yield some of the most high performance fabrics ever made.
The fusion, of wonderful properties of natural wool and specially optimised new age textiles, gives birth to some awesome results which empower the human race’s capability to solve multiple uses, in a better and a more effective manner.
KocharTex: Your Partner of Choice
At KocharTex, we have been in the business of manufacturing woven woollen textiles for over a century now. With this experience we bring a true understanding of our products and a commitment to quality . Right from sports fabrics to institutional fabrics to specialised industrial felts, we have created solutions for a wide range of customers.
While we have the learnings from the past, we take innovation very seriously. By imbibing the latest developments in textile technology and willingness to learn, we are able to continuously expand our range of manufacturing processes and product lines with an intent to serve diverse industries. Drop us a line with your requirement & we’ll be glad to discuss possible opportunities.